Rosacea is a chronic and very common disease that affects the skin and sometimes the eyes. The disorder is characterized by redness, pimples, and thickened skin. It is sometimes called acne rosacea, as it can look similar to acne. However, it is a different condition to acne.
The disease is more frequently seen in women and is most commonly seen in people with lighter skin.
Causes of Rosacea
The exact cause is not known and there may be a number of factors involved. It is obvious that something irritates the skin, but Rosacea doesn’t seem to be an infection caused by bacteria. It tends to affect people who have fair skin or blush easily, and it seems to run in families. Factors that cause rosacea to flare up in one person may have no effect on another person. Rosacea often flares when something causes the blood vessels in the face to expand, which causes redness. Things that cause a flare-up are called triggers, and the most common are exercise, sun and wind exposure, hot weather, stress, spicy foods, alcohol, and hot baths. Swings in temperature from hot to cold or cold to hot can also cause a flare-up of rosacea.
Rosacea signs and symptoms
Rosacea always includes at least one of the following primary signs. Various secondary signs and symptoms may also develop.
Flushing: often the earliest sign of Rosacea, this facial redness may come and go.
Persistent redness: the most common individual sign of rosacea. It resemble a blush or sunburn that does not go away.
Bumps and pimples: it may resemble acne, but blackheads are absent
Small blood vessels in the skin becoming visible
Eye irritation: the eyes may be irritated and appear watery or bloodshot, and the eyelids also may become red and swollen
Burning or stinging: itching or a feeling of tightness may also develop.
Dry appearance: the central facial skin may be rough
Plaques: red patches may develop with no changes in the surrounding skin.
Swelling: known as edema
Skin thickening: most commonly on the nose, this condition is called rhinophyma and affects more men than women
Treatment of Rosacea
While there is no cure for rosacea and the cause is unknown, medical therapy is available to control its signs and symptoms. Usually long term care is necessary although there may be periods when the symptoms improve. Individuals who suspect they may have rosacea are urged to see a dermatologist for diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The most effective treatment options are:
Prevention – avoiding triggers, for example: avoiding sun exposure, stress, alcohol and caffeine etc.
Medications – such as antibiotics, which can be applied directly to the affected skin or prescribed as an oral medication. Skin creams that contain medicine, such as azelaic acid or metronidazole, are being used as well. For severe cases oral isotretinoin may be prescribed.
Laser treatment – Regenlite Laser uses Pulsed Dye Laser to successfully treat a variety of vascular and benign cutaneous lesions such as rosacea and various other skin conditions. Regenlite treatment is relatively painless with no need for anaesthesia or invasive needles. Most people merely experience a short warm ‘flickering’ sensation as the laser pulses. Very vascular conditions will often feel more sensation. You may become less sensitive on as the condition reduces. The total time for treatment will depend on the surface area so treatment can vary from only a few minutes to longer.
Regenlite is not suitable for clients who:
Are taking medications which creates light sensitivity
Are taking certain anti-seizure medication for epilepsy
Are taking Roaccutane tablets and for one month after finishing Roaccutane.
The regenlite works as the vessels are heated, damaged and the body’s natural healing process is stimulated to repair this damage while reducing the appearance of the condition. The Regenlite pulsed dye laser when used in the bio-stimulation mode will increase the production of cytokines that relieve inflammation and promote wound healing without creating trauma to the skin. Unlike the mechanism of most conventional lasers and IPLs the Regenlite laser causes no damage and there is no downtime associated with the treatment.